Identification and selection of priority projects are indispensable not only for achieving suc-cessful agriculture and rural development in developing countries but also for enhancing the sufficiency of such assistance.

Although identification of such projects is, in principle, the task of developing countries, the donor community needs to help them go through the task by providing expertise and information, to the extent best possible, on the basis of the request from developing countries, which still face the problems of inadequate human resources, expertise and financial resources.

The major objective of the "ADCA project finding" is to facilitate the agriculture and rural development cooperation for both the Government of Japan and developing countries. Once a prospective candidate project is identified through field work, ADCA mission provides the result of its findings to the Government of the developing country concerned and recommends the Government to take initiative to consult with the Government of Japan for official assistance.

Upon return the ADCA mission prepares an ADCA project finding report for each identified project. ADCA submits the report with the recommendation to the Government of Japan for review and consideration of the possible official technical and/or financial assistance, such as support by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).

In this sense, the ADCA project finding holds its significance as an essential part of the process of development assistance provided by the Government of Japan. Recognizing such role and importance of the ADCA project finding, the Government of Japan decided in 1977 to partially finance this activity. From 2011 ADCA has been carrying out project finding with its own fund (Overseas Agriculture Development Research Fund). ADCA has smoothly and successfully identified a large number of candidate pro-jects in over 110 developing countries.

The chart shows the process of the ADCA project finding:


Upon submission of ADCA project finding reports, the government of a recipient country and Japan may hold bilateral negotiation in accordance with the recommendations and findings of the reports, and come to a conclusion to give priority to projects identified by ADCA for implementation. Consequently an official prelimi-nary survey is conducted by JICA as a JICA grant aid program, based on the Exchange of Notes agreed upon between the two governments.

In general, a feasibility study is conducted to examine whether the target project will be carried out in phases, regardless of the size of the pro-ject. It also determines the necessity of formu-lating a master plan prior to a feasibility study in case of request by the recipient government for a comprehensive development plan or a long range development plan.

One of the objectives of feasibility studies is to look into the viability of the project in terms of technicality, socio-economy, financing, insti-tutions and so on. Hence carrying out a feasibility study requires a high level of expertise provided by a number of qualified professionals, specialists and engineers which are in short in developing countries. Another important objective of JICA-supported feasibility study is that most of the field work as well as desk work are jointly carried out by the staffs of the recipient government and the members of the JICA study team based on the on-the-job training program.

In case of agriculture and rural development projects, the expertise made available for the feasibility study and related work is retained solely by ADCA and its members. ADCA members are able to dispatch a number of well-experienced specialists and engineers in order to successfully carry out studies on agricul-ture and rural development. It should be noted that these specialists and engineers are familiar with JICA schemes and procedures including the capacity building arrangement for the recipient country.

After conducting a feasibility study, its finding is reported to both the governments of Japan and the recipient country. Concurrently, the project is incorporated with high priority into a national plan of agriculture and rural development of the recipient country. In case immediate implementation of the project is needed, the report may turn into a part of documents requesting for financial assistance from bilateral or multilateral financing organizations, such as JICA.

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